# Student Probability

Organizer: Christian Serio

## Past Events

Abstract: The set of all n by n orthogonal (or unitary) matrices form a compact topological group. This means that orthogonal matrices have a uniform distribution called Haar measure. A natural question is, what do typical orthogonal or unitary matrices “look like”? We will answer two version of…

Abstract: This quarter, we've explored the empirical distribution of the eigenvalues for general Wigner matrices, showing convergence in distribution to the semicircle law for Hermitian matrices. As Christian described, the special case with Gaussian entries allows us to say more and get an…

Abstract: The circular law states that the spectral measure of a square matrix with i.i.d. entries of mean zero must converge to the uniform distribution on the unit disk in the complex plane. This result is analogous to the semicircular law for Wigner matrices, but the spectral instability of…

Abstract: In 1980, Voiculescu introduced free probability theory, which lets us study non-commutative random variables, such as random matrices. In particular, in the free probability CLT the Gaussian limit is replaced by a semi-circular limit, which implies the semi-circular law. So far,…

Abstract: I will introduce the GOE (orthogonal) and GUE (unitary) Gaussian ensembles, which are special Wigner matrices with Gaussian entries leading to nice symmetries. The main result will be the Ginibre formula for the density of the eigenvalues of these ensembles. There are several ways to…

Abstract: We prove the convergence in distribution of the empirical law of the eigenvalues of a Wigner matrix to the semicircle distribution. This is a classical result dating to the founding of the subject. The proof is by the moment method - specifically the convergence of the random…

Abstract: We will use the random sign matrix model to examine methods for bounding the probability that the least singular value is small. This quantity is relevant in many (and in some cases the only known) methods to establish limiting spectral laws of all sorts of random matrix models. It's…

Abstract:

I will be talking about the paper *Improved Spin-Wave Estimate for Wilson Loops in U(1) Lattice Gauge Theory* by Garban and Sepúlveda. One of their main results shows that lattice Yang-Mills theory with G = U(1) decouples into a "gradient spin wave" and a "…

Abstract:

Continuing from last week, we will use cluster expansion toprove the main theorem of [Cao20] for finite abelian gauge groups witha one-dimensional unitary representation. I will first explain wherethe expression e^{-ell r_beta (1 - A_beta)} comes from and why weintuitively…

Abstract: I will continue on from last week's talk, where we discussed the paper "Wilson loop expectations in lattice gauge theories with finite gauge groups" (Sky Cao, Comm. Math. Phys., 2020). In particular, I will review the definitions from last week, derive the discrete Stokes' theorem, and…