Big Fiber Theorems and Ideal-Valued Measures in Symplectic Topology
Abstract: In various areas of mathematics there exist "big fiber theorems", these are theorems of the following type: "For any map in a certain class, there exists a 'big' fiber", where the class of maps and the notion of size changes from case to case. We will discuss three examples of such theorems, coming from combinatorics, topology and symplectic topology from a unified viewpoint provided by Gromov's notion of ideal-valued measures. We adapt the latter notion to the realm of symplectic topology, using an enhancement of Varolgunes’ relative symplectic cohomology to include cohomology of pairs. This allows us to prove symplectic analogues for the first two theorems, yielding new symplectic rigidity results.
Necessary preliminaries will be explained. The talk is based on a joint work with Adi Dickstein, Leonid Polterovich and Frol Zapolsky.